Hacked Gadgets Forum

September 5, 2017

PID Controller Theory

at 11:07 pm. Filed under Educational


 
 

Dave 2 over at the EEVBlog explains how PID works. Wikipedia also has some great info.

 
 

“A proportional–integral–derivative controller (PID controller or three term controller) is a control loop feedback mechanism widely used in industrial control systems and a variety of other applications requiring continuously modulated control. A PID controller continuously calculates an error value {\displaystyle e(t)} e(t) as the difference between a desired setpoint and a measured process variable and applies a correction based on proportional, integral, and derivative terms (denoted P, I, and D respectively) which give their name to the controller.

In practical terms it automatically applies accurate and responsive correction to a control function. An everyday example is the cruise control on a road vehicle; where external influences such as gradients would cause speed changes, and the driver has the ability to alter the desired set speed. The PID algorithm restores the actual speed to the desired speed in the optimum way, without delay or overshoot, by controlling the power output of the vehicle’s engine.

The first theoretical analysis and practical application was in the field of automatic steering systems for ships, developed from the early 1920s onwards. It was then utilised for automatic process control in manufacturing industry, where it was widely implemented in pneumatic, and then electronic, controllers. Today there is universal use of the PID concept in applications requiring accurate and optimised automatic control.”


 

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One Response to “PID Controller Theory”

  1. Max Says:

    Yeah, saw it. It’s reasonable enough if you already know everything he says but if this is to be your introduction to PIDs… oh dear.

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